Epidural steroid injections offer relief for patients who have lower back pain and leg pain. This non-surgical method of treatment can be very effective for treating patients with sciatica and lower back pain. The injection delivers a dose of steroids and anesthetic into the epidural space in the spine.
The epidural space on the spine contains lymphatics, spinal nerve roots, loose fatty tissue and a network of blood vessels and small arteries. Inflammation of the nerves roots due to a damaged disc, contact or injury can cause uncomfortable pain in the lower back and legs.
The anti-inflammatory properties of the epidural injection provide relief for back and leg pain. The treatment may provide permanent or temporary relief and is often used as part of a interdisciplinary treatment plan while the injury or source of pain is being treated and healed.